Basics of Programming

All about Full Stack Development

All about development and programming

In this dynamic world of science and technology, the world has really taken long strides towards digitalization and globalization. This has led to an ever-increasing demands of individuals in the field of science and technology. Be it Machine learning, website development or Artificial Intelligence.

Today, we will be discussing some of the common and well established aspects of Website and Software development stacks that will really help you and motivate you to get a career transition in this sector with proper guidance.


What is website development?

Website development or web development is just like a small drop in the ocean of this digital world.  

Website development involves the development of websites inside the Internet (World Wide Web). It ranges from designing and developing a single static page or multiple dynamic responsive pages to complex web applications, electronic businesses, and social network services.

It has recently held a firm grip in the market due to the onset of the Covid situation when most of the things are happening online and from home. Many small startups have come up with their innovative ideas that have not only helped in improving the human lifestyle but also boosted the economy of the world.

Different aspects of Web Development

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Website development covers a wide range in developing the websites for the Internet. Any basic website which we see today is made of three major aspects – 

  •  Frontend (The part of the website that we see) – It comprises of the Menus, Headers, content, layout, footer etc.
  • Backend (The most important part of the website that makes the frontend responsive and dynamic) – For eg: If you click on any button, it will popup a message for you informing you that the form has been submitted.
  • Database – It is used to maintain and save the data about the users who are accessing that website.

The need of developers in INDIA

There is no doubt that due to the increasing digitalization, there has been a huge demand for Frontend Developers and Web Developers in India and abroad. 

However, due to high cost in maintaining a website, these big startups and organizations came up with an effective way of cost effectiveness. Instead of hiring frontend, backend and database engineers, they moved on towards “FULL STACK DEVELOPERS” who are well-versed in all the three aspects of Web Development – Frontend, Backend and Database.

In the current 21st Century, these full stack developers are very much in demand for their knowledge and skills of deploying a complete website altogether.

The skills often required for the full-stack developer by this definition include the ability to:

  • Comfortably write both front- and back-end code to some extent.

  • Generate a minimal viable product on their own with little, if any, support from others.

  • Provide expert-level specialty in a select handful of technologies.

  • Show, at minimum, a basic understanding of technologies they don’t specialize in.

Requirements to become a Full Stack Developer

A Full Stack Developer is the one who has complete knowledge about the Frontend, Backend and Database. Hence, in order to be qualified as a Full Stack Developer, you must be well versed in the following languages-


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HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. These both languages are the building block of any website. HTML is mainly used to give a structure and content to the website whereas CSS is used to design the website with smooth and attractive user interface.

In order to use markup to define the structure of web pages, Full Stack Developers must deal with HTML. For the HTML elements to be presented effectively, they must also be skilled in CSS. In order to develop an interactive, user-friendly, and captivating frontend for applications, Full Stack Developers need to have considerable understanding in both of these programming languages.


JavaScript is a necessary Full Stack Developer expertise when it comes to web and software development. The majority of the time, adding behavior to HTML requires the object-oriented programming language. One of the most often utilized languages for creating front- and back-end server code is this one. Additionally, the only programming language that can operate natively on the server and in a browser is JavaScript (Node.js).

Developers that work on the full stack must have a thorough understanding of JavaScript’s concepts and functionalities, including React and Angular. One of JavaScript’s best qualities is that it has many helpful features like functions, prototypes, higher-order event delegation, and closure that make it easier to make responsive web pages.

Additionally, Full Stack Developers must improve their JavaScript proficiency.

Git and Github

Everyone who is a developer or who aspires to be one has heard of Git. It is a “distributed version control system” that is open-source and can meet all of your development requirements. It offers quickness and effectiveness for both little and big projects. With Git, developers can easily keep track of all the modifications made to software/applications, codes, websites, documents, and other related material. Professional developers must have a GitHub profile in order to collaborate with other developers; this is required.

Git enables Full Stack Developers to keep track of every small change made to the application codebase. All of the fundamental Git commands and examples must be familiar to them. Full Stack Developers can take advantage of special security, productivity, and management benefits by using Git.

Backend Languages

Although HTML and CSS, along with JavaScript, are the two most important frontend languages, the backend of an application or piece of software is equally important. Despite the fact that backend development is a completely separate ballgame, there are many programming languages available. You may acquire the requisite languages to become a full stack developer by taking a full stack web development course.

For backend development, a Full Stack Developer has to know at least some of these languages:

  • One of the most popular options for backend programming is PHP, a free and open-source language that runs smoothly on Windows, macOS, and Unix.
  • Python‘s English-like syntax, easy learning curve, and wide range of modules and frameworks are what make it so appealing.
  • Ruby is an effective programming language. It is supported by a vibrant developer community and features good dependencies and documentation, making it the best option for backend development. 
  • Java is a versatile programming language. It can be applied to the creation of desktop, mobile, and web applications. Additionally, Java offers a variety of frameworks that further streamline the backend development process.

We are also launching our Full Stack Development tutorial for beginners that will cover all the basic requirements starting from Frontend, Database to Backend in the form of posts only for our young and dynamic coders.

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